Your song finally makes it to the radio after all of the song promotions and radio airplay... I know you're thinking I'M IN THE MONEY.. so you wait and wait and no money has hit your account you've got everything registered and done your due diligence now time to reap the rewards,,,, well not necessarily true let me give you a brief but thorough break down on how royalties ( BASED on ASCAP ) are calculated.
Generally, royalties for a single musical work, in any surveyed medium, are the product of this calculation:
Use Weight X Licensee Weight X "Follow the Dollar" Factor X Time of Day Weight XGeneral Licensing Allocation
Radio Feature Premium Credits
(for radio performances only where applicable)
TV Premium Credits
(for performances in highly rated series, where applicable)
The factor, or value, attached to each type of performance (theme, background, promotional, etc.)
This factor reflects the license fee paid by a station (or group of stations) and the number of hours included in the appropriate survey. The licensee weight is also referred to as the "hook-up" weight with respect to network television, reflecting the number of stations carrying a broadcast. Other surveyed media - such as the 300 highest-grossing live concerts, symphonic and chamber concerts, websites, background music services, airlines, circuses and ice shows - are also assigned "weights" based on license fees paid to ASCAP.
"FOLLOW THE DOLLAR" FACTOR
This factor ensures that the license fees that ASCAP receives from any medium are paid to writers and publishers for performances on that medium. The money we receive from radio stations is paid out for radio performances, the money we receive from TV networks is paid out for TV performances, etc.
TIME OF DAY WEIGHT (if applicable)
On television, the value of a performance can vary depending on the time of day; for example, whether it takes place in prime time or in the middle of the night.
GENERAL LICENSING ALLOCATION
Fees collected from non-broadcast, non-surveyed licensees (bars, hotels, restaurants and the like) are applied to broadcast feature performances on radio and all performances on television, which serve as a proxy for distribution purposes.
RADIO FEATURE PREMIUM CREDITS (for radio performances only, where applicable)
Songs that earn certain threshold numbers of radio feature credits in a quarter receive additional credits in that quarter.
TV PREMIUM CREDITS (for TV performances only, where applicable)
Theme, underscore and feature performances in highly rated network and local TV series earn additional credits as TV Premium payments.
CREDITS X SHARE X CREDIT VALUE = $ ROYALTY
When all of these factors are computed, we arrive at the number of total performance CREDITS. After establishing the number of credits generated by a performance, the next step is to allocate these credits among all of the writers and publishers of the work based on the SHARE each should receive. ASCAP is advised of the correct shares to be paid when members submit Title Registrations. For example, if two co-writers of a song share royalties equally, each will receive 50% of the total credits. The final step is to multiply credits by the appropriate CREDIT VALUE to arrive at the ROYALTY payment. Once you have that amount funds will be paid out quarterly.
how PROs calculate your royalty payment? Part 1 royalty payment calculation ASCAP
Downtown Nashville is along the Cumberland River, which makes it sound quaint and charming, but the sound of Sugarland covers and buzzing neon signs fill the air. It looks like the product of groupthink, like a place so singularly focused on country music that it would ride any indie artist out on a rail. Downtown Nashville is like Disneyland for country music, only instead of Mickey Mouse, there is only Luke Bryan, hips swivelling.
But across the river, two miles to the east, there's a paradise unknown to national audiences, a buzzing neighborhood with crazy talent dripping from the low-rent rafters. Across the river is East Nashville, the best place — statistically and stylistically — for indie music in America.
East Nashville is everything Brooklyn wishes it was, only affordable. It has its fair share of local butchers (Porter Road Butcher), organic and gluten-free grocery stores (The Turnip Truck) and the snobby coffee shop to end all snobby coffee shops (Barista Parlor). But unlike Brooklyn, musicians can actually afford to be musicians there. And that means fans and musicians alike get the best indie music in the whole country.
That's because rent averages $650 a month and cost of living is 9.5% lower than the national U.S. average. Combined with a small population of roughly 25,000, the 37206 zip code of East Nashville houses an enormous percentage of the cities' musicians close enough together so they're always collaborating. Redbull Sound Select artist Boom Forest and indie darlings Foreign Fields share a house in the east called Castle Red Skull. Their situation isn't uncommon in Nashville — they have a big rickety red house filled with instruments and a rotating cast of musicians coming in from tour and going back out again. Everyone from the Avett Brothers to Mumford & Sons has passed through.
Groups like the insanely danceable Kopecky Family Band become local staples quickly in the music-focused crowd, and they're always playing somewhere nearby if you're a fan looking for a dance fix. In East Nashville, people are always going to see each other play. And during the day, they buy coffees and beers from one another at those same venues — venues like FooBar, The East Room and The 5 Spot.
But the area draws the best indie bands because it's ideal for bands looking to tour. Nashville native band The Apache Relay made huge waves across the country when they released their record, but the Ford brothers didn't have the money to tour. They got there eventually, though, by joining Mumford & Sons (the band's label has a Nashville presence) for a tour. Along the way, they were helped by the fact that eight major interstate systems connect to Nashville, which is within a 400-mile drive of some of the most densely populated areas in the country. And then there's the fact that Nashville gas prices currently average at $3.527 (compared to the national average of $3.658), because cars can't run on dreams alone.
Since 1970, studies prove that Nashville is the only city in the United States that has registered positive growth in the music industry. As a result, Nashville and Memphis are unique in that they have much broader (and more intense) music tastes than anywhere else in the country — perfect for all kinds of musicians and any kind of music lover. There's an audience for most anything you want to play. It's one of the few places where you can make a sustainable life as a musician with a real community.
So the myth of Nashville runs deeper than most people expect. It isn't all country — if you shift your focus to the east, it's all about the music.
Courtesy of policymic.com